mahatma gandhi (甘地) discovered that india was full of lawyers and there was no need for him. he spent many desperate (绝望的) days looking for work. while at home, he tried to teach his wife a skill she had never learned — how to read and write. but she resisted his efforts.
laxmidas, his brother, and the rest of the family were disappointed that gandhi was not finding work. in october 1892 a second son, manilal, was born to gandhi and his wife. now gandhi had a wife and two children to support. gandhi did a few odd jobs working with other lawyers. he made some money. but he knew he could not go on like this without a steady income. then he got an offer to go to south africa to help a muslim lawyer prepare a lawsuit (诉讼). gandhi hated to leave his family again, but he had no choice. leaving his wife and sons with laxmidas, gandhi set out for durban, south africa, in april 1893.
south africa was a large country then ruled by great britain. the largest population was black africans, and they had almost no rights. the british were at the top of the social system. at the bottom were the africans. in the middle but near the bottom were asians, mostly indians. they had come to south africa to work as labourers. the white people included the ruling british and the afrikaners (南非白人), or boers (荷裔南非人). the boers were dutch. both the british and the boers agreed on the idea that people of colour were inferior (低等的).