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雅思写作中话题模糊怎么办
日期:2020-02-12

  在雅思考试当中,有一类题目最让考生摸不着头脑。这类“像雾像雨又像风”的题目总称抽象类题,话题主要集中在一些价值形态的考查上。那么对于任何带有“定向不明”的敏感词的题目,我们考生可以采取的杀手锏就是“下定义”法,即化抽象为具体。今天就拿两种例题分别来实验一下定义法,看是不是让你顿时拨开云雾见青天了。

  总的来说,抽象题也分两种,第一种是完全抽象。所谓“完全抽象”,即整个题目都看似飘渺,这种题目给人思维发散的空间比较大。如一道大作文题:

  Some people think young people should be free to choose his or her job,but other people think they should be realistic and think more about their future. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  对于这道题,我们首先可以想一下“Free to chose”是指怎样随心所欲?这种选择往往是基于自己的兴趣爱好或是起薪,也或者是工作条件。那么第一个论点的解释就出来了:The youngsters' occupational choice always lies in their own interest, initial payment or work conditions like company locations.

  第二个论点说应该多考虑一下“future”,其中包括工作长久稳定或者是可以获得一个长远的自我提升:The permanence of career or the self-cultivation opportunity has also been taken into consideration by some job seekers. There is a case in China that working in the government means being a civil servant forever without worrying about losing job.

  定义完了两种观点的明确意思,那么在分别的主体段就可以充分来论证这种选择对自己是不是更有利。

  第二种抽象题为暗藏抽象。典型例题是剑8当中test1的大作文题:

  Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of society. Others, however, believe that school is the place to learn this. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

  很多人可能忙着去讨论老师和家长的重要性了,为何不停下笔来,来注意一下“good member of society” 这个暗藏的抽象名词呢?


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